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5:32pm UK, Sunday June 24, 2012
Mohamed Morsi has been declared Egypt’s first Islamist president, narrowly defeating Hosni Mubarak’s last prime minister Ahmed Shafiq.
The Muslim Brotherhood candidate won 51.73% of last weekend’s run-off vote, the state election committee said.
Mr Morsi won 13,230,131 votes, against Mr Shafiq, who clinched 12,347,380.
Thousands of Muslim Brotherhood supporters burst into cheers at Cairo’s Tahrir Square,dancing and waving flags and posters of the Islamist leader.
:: The son of a peasant, he gained an engineering degree in Cairo in 1975
:: Has a PhD from the University of Southern California
:: The 60-year-old has promised a moderate, modern Islamist agenda
:: Was jailed for seven months in 2005
:: Imprisoned for protesting for reformist judges
:: Was jailed again in January 2011
:: Freed himself a few days later during massive prison breaks across Egypt
:: Morsi is married with five children
Mr Morsi has pledged that Egypt under his leadership will be inclusive, and he courted secular and Christian voters.
He promised an “Egyptian renaissance with an Islamic foundation” under his rule.
However, his victory appears to be symbolic after the military council, which ruled the Arab nation after Mubarak stood down, has this month curbed the powers of the presidency.
The changes mean the head of state will have to work closely with the army on a planned democratic constitution.
Mr Morsi, 60, is a US-educated engineer who spent time in jail under Mubarak.
He won the first round ballot in May with just under a quarter of the vote.
Many Egyptians were dismayed that what was billed as their first democratic presidential election turned into a power struggle between the military and the Muslim Brotherhood – the same forces that faced off under the old regime.
The election, in which more than 50 million voters were eligible to cast their ballot, saw a relatively low turnout of just 51.8%.